Tauheed (Exclusive Monotheism)
Tauheed; often the transliteralization is given as tawheed or sometimes tuheed or tauhid or tauhid, etc, but the “u” or “aw” and “i” may confuse English speakers, so “tauheed” has been retained, just as we would transliterate day as yaum and not yawm.
The Arabic root of tauheed is the intensified form of wahada (وحد ) “to be one”: thus wahhada (وحّد ) “to make one.” The specific meaning in this specific Islamic context is to wahada-llah ( وحّد الله ) “to make Allah one,” meaning in faith, belief and practical worship.
Often the word is translated as Monotheism, or Unitarianism, but these words sometimes carry incorrect connotations for English speakers from the Christian-Judaic traditions. Tauheed must be qualified as Islamic Monotheism and exclusive meaning to exclude the existence of any other so called gods, sicne none has the right to be worshipped as “God” excpet “THE ONE GOD, which is in the Arabic language “Allah”.
Hence an alternative translation for Tauheed has been suggested as the “Unicity” of Allah, as some have proposed, or other phrases that better capture the meaning. The reality that Allah is One necessitates to believe in and practice the Oneness of Allah who alone is Lord Creator and God and alone is worthy of worship.
Tauheed (monotheism) in its most general sense means the belief in Oneness of Allah in His Attributes of Lordship, worshipping Him sincerely without idolatry, and confirming His Names and Attributes. Thus it is of three kinds: Tauheed ar-Rububiyyah, Tauheed al-Uluhiyyah; and Tauheed al-Asma`a was-Sifaat. Each kind demands clarification to distinguish the differences between them.
Some have divided Tauheed to help our understanding into two kinds: 1) Tauheed of Knowledge and Confirmation, and 2) Tauheed of Pursuit and Intention. The first is the Tauheed pertaining to knowing and acknowledging Allah’s Lordship and Sovereignty (over all creation) and His blessed Names and Attributes of perfection, while the second Some have divided Tauheed into two kinds: 1) Tauheed of Knowledge and Confirmation, and 2) Tauheed of Pursuit and Intention. The first is the Tauheed pertaining to knowing and acknowledging Allah’s Lordship and Sovereignty (over all creation) and His blessed Names and Attributes of perfection, while the second Tauheed pertains to not only knowing and acknowledging Allah’s Divinity but the worship of Allah sincerely and avoidance of all idolatry and hypocrisy in that worship. The concept of worship in Islam includes all action done according to the divine revelations and laws seeking to please Allah including formal worships like prayers, charity, fasting and pilgrimage but also may include what many understand to be “mundane” actions, like daily activities of eating and sleeping, family life, and economic and political action. This is why Islam is a complete way of life and not just a way of life divided into secular and religion domains.
Tauheed ar-Rububiyyah: (the Tauheed of Lordship) is the belief in Allah’s oneness in His acts; that he alone is the Creator of all creation, as He said: “Allah created everything.” (39:62)
It also includes that He alone bestows Sustenance on all creatures whether they are humans, animals or others, as Allah said: “And there is no creature on earth but that its provision is upon Allah.” (11:6)
And that Allah alone is the King, Supreme Sovereign and Arranger of all affairs of the universe, who bestows and takes away, makes mighty and humble, and is capable of all things, regulating the night and day and giving life and death as HE will. Allah said: “Say, ‘O Allah, Owner of Sovereignty, You give sovereignty to whom You will and You take sovereignty away from whom You will. You honor whom You will and You humble whom You will. In Your hand is all good. Indeed, You are capable of all things. You cause the night to enter the day, and You cause the day to enter the night; and You bring the living out of the dead, and You bring the dead out of the living. And You give provision to whom You will without account.’” (3:26-27)
And introduction only — more coming
– inshallah -God willing