Signs of the Last Day – Lesser and Greater Signs

 

 

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلاة والسلام  على رسوله المصطفى الأمين

وآ له وصحبه ومن أتبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين

 

In the name of Allah Most Beneficent Most Merciful

All praise is for Allah the Exalted and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad and his family and companions and all those who follow them and their way until the Day of Resurrection

Signs of the Last Day

Lesser and Greater Signs

Allah the Exalted said:

هَلْ يَنظُرُونَ إِلاَّ أَن تَأْتِيهُمُ الْمَلآئِكَةُ أَوْ يَأْتِيَ رَبُّكَ أَوْ يَأْتِيَ بَعْضُ آيَاتِ رَبِّكَ يَوْمَ يَأْتِي بَعْضُ آيَاتِ رَبِّكَ لاَ يَنفَعُ نَفْسًا إِيمَانُهَا لَمْ تَكُنْ آمَنَتْ مِن قَبْلُ أَوْ كَسَبَتْ فِي إِيمَانِهَا خَيْرًا قُلِ انتَظِرُواْ إِنَّا مُنتَظِرُونَ

“Do they then wait for anything other than that the angels should come to them, or that your Lord should come, or that some of the Signs of your Lord should come (i.e. portents of the Hour). The day that some of the Signs of your Lord do come, no good will it do to a person to believe then, if he had believed not before, nor earned good  (by performing deeds of righteousness) through his Faith. Say: “Wait you! We (too) are waiting.” [6:158]

 

Hudhaifa ibn Usaid al-Ghufari may Allah be pleased with him, said:

طلع النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم علينا ونحن نتذاكر فقال ما تذاكرون ؟ قالوا نذكر الساعة قال إنها لن تقوم حتى ترون قبلها عشر آيات فذكر الدخان والدجال والدابة وطلوع الشمس من مغربها ونزول عيسى ابن مريم صلى الله عليه وسلم ويأجوج ومأجوج وثلاثة خسوف خسف بالمشرق وخسف بالمغرب وخسف بجزيرة العرب وآخر ذلك نار تخرج من اليمن تطرد الناس إلى محشرهم

The Prophet of Allah, may peace and blessing be upon him came to us as we were busy in a discussion). He said: “What do you discuss about?” They said. We are discussing about the Last Hour. Thereupon he said: “It will not come until you see ten signs beforehand. In this connection he mentioned the smoke, Dajjal, the beast, the rising of the sun from the west, the descent of Jesus son of Mary (Allah be pleased with him), the Gog and Magog, and landslides (or earthquakes) in three places, one in the east, one in the west and one in Arabia, and at the end a fire would burn forth from the Yemen driving people to the place of their assembly.” [Reported by Muslim and others]

 

According to this tradition the great signs are ten as follows: a great smoke, the appearance of the Dajjal (Great Liar and Anti-Christ), the appearance of a great Beast, rising of the sun from the west, the descent of Jesus son of Mary peace be upon him, the appearance of Yajooj and Majooj (Gog and Magog), three earthquakes appearance of a great fire from Aden (in Yemen).

 

Abu Hurairah may Allah be pleased with him, said that the Prophet, peace and blessing of Allah be upon him, said:

ثلاث إذا جاءت لم تنفع نفسا إيمانها لم تكن آمنت من قبل أو كسبت في إيمانها خيرا طلوع الشمس من مغربها

والدجال ودابة الأرض

“There are three things which, if they appear, ‘No good will it do to a soul to believe in them then, if it believed not before nor earned righteousness through its faith.’ They are: the rising of the sun from the West, the Dajjal, and the Beast of the Earth.” [Reported by Imam Ahmad, and Muslim] 

Abu Hurairah may Allah be pleased with him, said that the Prophet, peace and blessing of Allah be upon him, said:

بادروا بالعمل ستا : الدجال والدخان ودابة الأرض وطلوع الشمس من مغربها وأمر العامة وخويصة أحدكم

“Hasten to do good deeds before six things happen: the Dajjal, the smoke, the Beast, the rising of the sun from the West, general tribulation, and the (death) of one of you.”[Reported by Muslim and others]

 

Many traditions mention the descent of Jesus peace be upon him, in the latter days as a great sign of the coming Resurrection, for instance, the narration of Abu Hurairrah, may Allah be pleased with him:

والذي نفسي بيده، ليوشكن أن ينزل فيكم ابن مريم حكما عدلا، فيكسر الصليب، ويقتل الخنزير، ويضع الجزية، ويفيض المال حتى لا يقبله أحد، حتى تكون السجدة الواحدة خير من الدنيا وما فيها.” ثم يقول أبو هريرة : واقرؤوا إن شئتم : {وإن من أهل الكتاب إلا ليؤمنن به من قبل موته ويوم القيامة يكون عليهم شهيدا} [البخاري 3448]

“Verily by Him in whose hand my soul is (Allah the Creator) it will happen soon that th son of Mary will descend among you as a just ruler. He will break the crosses, kill the pigs, and abrogate the (payment of) Jizya. Wealth will become so bountiful at his time that no one will accept (charity). Until one prostration will be considered better than the entire world and everything in it.” Then Abu Hurairrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said: Recite if you wish: “And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) but will believe in him before his death. And on the Day of Resurrection, he will be a witness against them.” [4:159] [Reported by Bukhari and many others and mentioned as “Mutawatir,” reported by so many various narrators that it is physically impossible to be anything but authentic]

Some has listed the authentically reported lesser signs and here we quote from their list, may Allah increase them in faith and beneficial knowledge .

The lesser signs of the Hour include the following:

1.The sending of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)

2.The death of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).

3.The conquest of Jerusalem.

4.The plague of Amwas (Emmaus), which is a city in Palestine.

5.Widespread wealth and lack of need for charity.

6.The appearance of fitan (tribulations). Among the tribulations that occurred in the early years of Islam were: the killing of ‘Uthmaan (may Allah be pleased with him), the battle of the camel and the battle of Siffeen, the emergence of the Khawaarij, the battle of al-Harrah, and the opinion that the Qur’aan is a creation.

7.The emergence of claimants to Prophethood, such as the liar Musaylimah and al-Aswad al-‘Anasi.

8.The appearance of fire in the Hijaaz, which appeared in the middle of the 7th century AH, in 654 AH. This was a great fire, which the scholars who were alive at the time of its appearance and those who came after them described in great detail. Al-Nawawi said: There appeared in our time a fire in Madeenah, in the year six hundred and fifty-four. It was a very great fire on the eastern side of Madeenah, beyond the Harrah, and knowledge of it was widespread throughout Syria and all lands. Those of the people of Madeenah who were present told me about it.

9.Loss of trust. One of the manifestations of loss of trust is people’s affairs being entrusted to those who are not qualified or able for that.

10. The taking away of knowledge and the prevalence of ignorance; the taking away of knowledge will occur with the disappearance of the scholars, as it says in al-Bukhai and Muslim, al-Saheehayn.

11. The spread of zina (adultery, fornication)

12. The spread of riba (usury, interest)

13. The prevalence of musical instruments.

14. Widespread drinking of alcohol.

15. Shepherds competing in the construction of tall buildings.

16. A slave woman giving birth to her mistress, as is stated in al-Saheehayn. There are several views among the scholars as to what this means. The view favoured by Ibn Hajar is that there will be widespread disobedience among children, so that a child will treat his mother as a master treats his slave woman, with negligence and insults.

17. Widespread killing.

18. Widespread earthquakes.

19. Appearance of landslides, transformations and stones from heaven.

20. Appearance of women who are clothed yet naked.

21. Believer’s dreams coming true.

22. Widespread giving of false testimony and concealment of true testimony.

23. Large numbers of women.

24. The land of the Arabs becoming once again meadows and rivers.

25. The Euphrates will uncover a mountain of gold.

26. Wild animals and inanimate objects will speak to people.

27. The “Romans” will increase in number and fight the Muslims.

28. The conquest of Constantinople.

(to be continued with more details insha-Allah)

 

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