Learning English Language

> For Learning the English Language

ONE: See the following website, especially the two page summaries,  for many have found this website and its lesson plans and strategies extremely useful in teaching English, in TEFL, and for enhancing the student’s learning process with ….”breaking news.”

> http://breakingnewsenglish.com/index.html

> Another helpful page

http://www.talkenglish.com/Grammar/Grammar.aspx

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Some English language learning “tools”  Level ONE

some important “tools”

Abu Salman     eberleksu@gmail.com

Noun

Verb

Adjective

Adverb

Article

Conjunction

Preposition

Synonyms

Antonym

Acronym

Homonym

Letter (consonants vowel [AEIOU sometimes Y)

Syllable (stress, accent)

Word

Phrase

Sentence Structure, for example (s+v+ complement)

[simple, compound, complex]

Paragraph

Essay

Definition

Reading, writing, speaking, listening,

Word groups

Lexical chunks

Idioms

Words in context [سياق]   

 

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Suffixes

Prefixes

Word “roots”

Skim

Scan

Intensive reading

Extensive reading

Transitive intransitive verb

Thesaurus

Collocations

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Some English language learning “tools”  Level TWO

ENG LANG TOOLS [Deya ud-Deen Eberle] AKA “abu salman” = eberleksu@gmail.com

Some English/Grammar “Tools”

which help in language acquisition & analyses: expanded

Noun [pronouns; common nouns; proper nouns; relative pronouns; etc.]

Verb [various verb tenses in past, present and future; active and passive voice; transitive and intransitive; modals verbs, phrasal verbs; auxiliary verbs; “hot verbs; etc.]

Verb tenses include: simple, continuous, perfect, etc.

Adjective [just to give an idea of what may enter into “etc”: some types are: Descriptive Adjectives or adjective of quality; Adjective of quantity; Predicative Adjectives; Personal Titles; Possessive Adjectives; Demonstrative Adjectives; Indefinite Adjectives; Interrogative adjectives; Comparative Adjectives; Superlative Adjectives: ADJECTIVES Can describe for example: Colors as adjectives: Black, Blue, White, Green, etc.; Touch as adjective: Slippery, Sticky, etc.; Feelings as adjectives: Happy, Sad, Angry, etc.; Sizes as adjectives: Big, Small, Thin, Thick, etc.; Origin as adjectives: European, Latin, Greek, etc.; Shapes as adjectives: Triangular, Rectangular, Square, Circular, etc.; Qualities as adjectives: Good, Bad, Average, etc.; Time as adjective: Yearly, Monthly, etc.; Age as adjectives: Young, Ancient, Old, etc.; Material as adjectives: Wood, Cotton, Gold, etc.; Opinions as adjectives: Pretty, hot, expensive, etc, and so on.]

Adverb [of place; of time and frequency; etc]

Article [definite and indefinite & “zero article]

Conjunction

Preposition

Other parts like: interjections; interrogatives; etc; other names like modifiers and determiners

Synonyms & Antonym [see Thesaurus]

Acronym

Homonyms [various detailed types]

Letter (consonants; vowel [AEIOU sometimes Y)

Syllable (stress, accent)

Word [etymology; etc.]

Singular and plural (nouns without plural; gender like male female masculine feminine; number like singular plural dual; 1st person 2nd person 3rd person;

Mama Baba; mommy papa; Mom Dad | Mother Father| maternity paternity; maternal paternal; paternalistic

Phrase [examples: noun phrase; adjective phrase; adverbial phrase; etc]

Clause [independent and dependent; form example, a relative (adjective clause)]

Sentence (S+V) [sometimes O (object) [note: the ‘complement’ completes the meaning]

Sentences [can be simple, compound, complex, and a combination of compound and complex]

Sentences have Subject and Predicate …. and complement.

MOST COMMON FORM: Subject-Verb-Complement: The boy has a bag. The man ate an apple

Positive; negative; interrogative ||| conditional; modal

Paragraph (and academic essay has an introduction topic sentence; a body, and a conclusion and or summary.

Essay [Introduction with thesis statement; body with various number of sections and paragraphs and parts with the proofs, evidence, examples, illustrations etc; and a conclusion] [Some have said there are only four types: Expository; Descriptive; Narrative; Persuasive] – [Note they can be factual and information; opinion and view; descriptive; analytical; story (narrative); argumentative; criticism; satire; exposition; process and cause and effect; etc.] Another note: A narrative essay is: entertaining; expressive and pictorial; emotional; impressionistic; creative; imaginative; sensuous; subjective; formally or informally written; whereas an exposition essay is: informative; explanatory; rational and impersonal; lucid and precise; scholarly; detached; clinical; objective; formally written. Which is more academic? More professional? More interesting? More fun? More exact?

Form; function; meaning; pronunciation

Style; structure;

Definition from Dictionary;

Language skills include: Reading, writing, speaking, listening,

Skills of Skim, Scan, Intensive reading; Extensive reading

Word groups; Lexical “chunks”; Words in context [سياق]

Co-location is crucially important for language acquisition & development. Language style like formal and informal, academic; professional etc.

Idioms (often not literal and/or physical; often with a historical story of context); metaphors and metaphorical language; symbolic; figurative; culturally relevant; etc

Word stem [root; etc.] Word roots

Prefixes and Suffixes [many from Greek and Latin derivations]

Rhetoric: Logo; ethos; pathos (Greek, Aristotle)

Some “Sample” Words (nouns) ending with “tion”: Pronunciation; enunciation; abbreviation; summarization; elucidation; generalization; specialization; adaptation; adjunction; acquisition; prediction; vocalization; verbalization; transformation; supposition; subordination; cannibalization; etc

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