Hadith about Amr ibn Abasa as-Sulami’s Islam: AS

The Hadith (narrative tradition) about

Amr ibn Abasa as-Sulami’s Islam

(may Allah be pleased with him)

and some of the Benefits and Jurisprudence of this Hadith

on Tauheed, Victory, and Salat

حديث إسلام عمرو بن عبسة رضي اللـه عنه

وفوائده في التوحيد والنصر والصلاة

جمعه و رتبه الفقير الى مغفرة ربه

أبو ســـــــلمان ضياء الدين ابرلي

Compiled and written by he who seeks

the Mercy of Allah, the one and only LORD and GOD,

Abu Salman Deya ud-Deen Eberle

 

[…لا إله إلا الله مخلصين له الدين ولو كره الكافرون]

“…There is no god (or deity or being worthy of worship) except God,

We worship Him with sincere devotion in religion,

even though the disbelievers loathe it.”

(Part of authentic supplication of the Messenger of Allah

Peace and blessing of Allah be upon him)

 

[Revised Expanded Version 1427H./ 2006CE ]

Table of Contents

Ø  INTRODUCTION

Ø  The Hadith (narrative tradition) of ‘Amr ibn ‘Abasa’s Islam from Imam Muslim’s book of Authentic Traditions

Ø  Some of the Many Benefits and Lessons from this Hadith (tradition)

o   On Seeking Knowledge for Benefit

o   On Nabi (Prophet) and Rasool (Messenger)

o   On Tauheed and Shahadah

o   On Patience in Obedience of the Messenger and Waiting for Victory during times of Weakness and Persecution

o   On Destroying Idols

o   On the Promise of eventual Victory, Conquest, and Dominance

o   On Salat (Prayer) and Wudu` (Ablution)

o   On Forgiveness and Mercy of Allah is ultimate goal of a Muslim in all deeds

Ø  Summery

Ø  Conclusion

Ø  Some references

Forth coming (insha-Allah: God willing)

 

Excerpt from pages 3-7

(Scroll down to bottom of page for footnotes)

 

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INTRODUCTION

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

إن الحمد لله نحمده ونستعينه ونستغفره ونعوذ بالله من شرور أنفسنا ومن سيئات أعمالنا من يهده الله فلا مضل له ومن يضلل فلا هادى له , وأشهد أن لا اله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له وأشهد أن محمدا عبده ورسوله.

يا أيها الذين امنوا اتقوا الله حق تقاته ولا تموتن إلا وانتم مسلمون . يا أيها الناس اتقوا ربكم الذى خلقكم من نفس واحدة وخلق منها زوجها وبث منهما رجالا كثيرا ونساءا واتقوا الله الذى تسائلون به والأرحام إن الله كان عليكم رقيبا. يا ايها الذين امنوا اتقوا الله وقولوا قولا سديدا يصلح لكم اعمالكم ويغفرلكم ذنوبكم  ومن يطع الله ورسوله فقد فاز فوزا عظيما . أما بعد : فإن أصدق الحديث كلام الله وخير الهدى هدى محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم

وشر الأمور محدثاتها وكل محدثة بدعة وكل بدعة ضلالة وكل ضلالة فى النار

In the name of Allah Most Beneficent Most Merciful

All praise is due to Allah; we praise Him and we beseech Him for help and we ask for His protection and we seek refuge in Allah from the wickedness of our souls, and from the evil (and evil consequences) of our deeds; whomsoever Allah guides, there is none who can lead him astray, and whom Allah finds in error, there is none to guide him; and I bear witness that there is no god except Allah and that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger. “O you who believe! Be careful of your duty to Allah (fear Allah) with the care which is due to Him and do not die unless you are Muslims (submitting to Him).” [3:102] “O people! Be careful of your duty to your Lord (fear your Lord) Who created you from a single being and of the same created its mate; and spread from these two many men and women; and be careful of your duty to Allah by whom you demand one of another your rights and to the ties of relationship; surely Allah watches over you.” [4:1] “O you who believe! Be careful of your duty to Allah (fear Allah) and speak the right word; He would correct your deeds, and forgive you your faults; and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, he indeed achieves a mighty success.” [33:70, 71]

Proceeding: the best Speech is the Speech of Allah, and the best guidance is the Guidance of the Prophet, may the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him, and the worst affairs are those that are innovated (deviancies), ever y innovated affair is astray, and all that is astray is (eventually) going to the hellfire.”

This booklet before the reader is an exposition concerning the narration about the story of the Islam of Amr ibn Abasah ibn Khalid as-Sulami, may Allah be pleased with him. Many people know the stories of the acceptance of Islam of many of the other famous companions, like Khadejah, Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali, Zaid ibn Haritha, Bilal, Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqqas, Abu Dharr, Hamzah, and many others, may Allah be please with them and all the companions of the Messenger of Allah, may the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him and his family.

I became amazed when I found that many did not know the story of Islam of Amr, may Allah be pleased with him, or even had ever heard of him, even thought this story is in the collection of traditions of Imam Muslim in his Authentic (Sahih) collection and that it contains many crucial points of Islamic monotheism (Tauheed) and jurisprudence (Fiqh). I myself had not heard about the tradition and only happened upon it latter in my search for beneficial Islamic knowledge through personal reading of the beneficial book: [الدررالسنية في الأجوبة النجدية] ‘Durar as-Siniyyah fi al-Ajwabat an-Najdiyyah’ and the book:  [مفيد المستفيد في كفر تارك التوحيد] ‘Mufeed al-Mustafeed fi Kufr Tarik at-Tauheed.’

 

I was immediately and totally startled at its profound significance in Islamic teachings. ‘How did I not hear of this before? I asked myself.  I then decided to research and write this booklet before you, although I took quite a while before I actually completed my intention.

This hadith of Amr ibn Abasah may Allah be pleased with him mentioned in full below is even more important when we realize the fact that the Messenger of Allah may the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him said:

إن الإسلام بدأ غريباً، وسيعود غريباً، فطوبى للغرباء

“Islam initiated as something strange and alien, and it would revert to its old position of being strange alien, so good tidings for the strangers.” (Reported by Muslim, at-Tirmidthi, Ibn Majah, and Ahmad and others).

In some sound versions of this narration the Messenger r answered their question as to who were these strangers (ghuraba`) by saying:

“الذين يصلحون إذا فسد الناس”

“Those who correct themselves (and others) even when the people are corrupted.”

“أناس صالحون في أناس سوء كثير من يعصيهم أكثر ممن يطيعهم”

“Good and righteous people among a multitude of evil people who disobey them more than obey them.”

” نزاع من القبائل.”

“Individuals (taken from) among the tribes.”

These strangers of the early times have similar characteristics with the strangers of latter times. All Muslims are keen to study their characteristic and take lessons for our own development as servants of Allah seeking his Guidance, Pleasure and Mercy.

Another Hadith informs us about the dearness of Muslims to Allah compared to the vast majority of disbelievers on earth. Abdullah ibn Mas’ud, may Allah be pleased with him, narrated:

عن عبدالله بن مسعود رضي الله عنه  قال: كنا مع النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في قبة، فقال: أ ترضون ان تكونوا ربع اهل الجنة؟ قلنا: نعم. قال: اترضون ان تكونوا ثلث اهل الجنة ؟ قلنا نعم قال: اترضون ان تكونوا شطر اهل الجنة ؟ قلنا: نعم قال: والذي نفس محمد بيده إني لأرجو ان تكونوا نصف اهل الجنة، وذلك ان الجنة لا يدخلها الا نفس مسلمة، وما انتم في اهل الشرك إلا كالشعرة البيضاء في جلد الثور الاسود، او كالشعرة السوداء في جلد الثور الاحمر”

“While we were in the company of the Prophet, may the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him, in a tent, he said: ‘Would it please you to be one fourth of the people of paradise? We said: Yes. He said: Would it please you to be one third of the people of paradise? We said: Yes. He said: Would it please you to be one half of the people of paradise? We said: ‘Yes’. Thereupon he said: I hope that you will be one half of the people of paradise, for none will enter paradise but a Muslim soul, and you people, in comparison to the people who associate others in worship with Allah, are like a white hair on the skin of a black ox, or a black hair on the skin of a red ox.” (Reported by al-Bukhari)

 

Abu Salman Deya ud-Deen Eberle

أبو سلمان  ضياء الدين أبرلي

who seeks the favor and mercy of his Lord, Allah, the Most Great and Majestic

abusalman102@yahoo.com abusalman102@gmail.com


> The Hadith (narrative tradition) of ‘Amr ibn ‘Abasa’s Islam from Imam Muslim’s book of Authentic Traditions

 

Amr ibn Abasah ibn Khalid as-Sulami, may Allah be pleased with him, was from Bani Sulaim of the Mudar Tribe who was one of the first people to accept Islam.  Ibn Sa’ad reports in the book ‘Tabaqaat’ that Amr said about himself that he was, for a while, one/forth of Islam.  It is reported by Hakim that Amr ibn Abasa used to say:

و كان عمرو بن عبسة رضي اللـه عنه يقول: “لقد رأيتني وأنا ربع الإسلام” رواه الحاكم و صححه و وافقه الذهبي

“It is that you would have seen me when I was on forth of Islam.” [Reported by Hakim who declared it sound, with adh-Dhahabi concurring]

This would seem to mean the only other Muslims at the time of his acceptance were Abu Bakr and Bilal, may Allah be pleased with them, and the Messenger, peace and blessing of Allah be upon him. We know that the wife of the Prophet, Khadeja may Allah be pleased with her, and Ali ibn Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him, and Zaid the freed slave of the Prophet, and those of Quraish that Abi Bakr called to Islam, also accepted Islam very early and most probably before. Thus we can understand, as Ibn Katheer says in the book Badaiyan wa Nahaiyah (3/31), that Amr ibn Abasah most probably mentioned this as according his knowledge of those who had accepted Islam before him since in this time of great persecutions one may have accepted Islam and not known of the Islam of others due to the severe repercussions of Islamic faith.

Imam Muslim, in the Book of Prayer and Chapter on the “Islam of Amr ibn Abasa, may Allah be pleased with him” reports the narration of Amr ibn Abasa as-Sulami, may Allah be pleased with him, who said:

روى الامام مسلم في صحيحه [في باب إسلام عمرو بن عبسة] قال: حدثني أحمد بن جعفر المعقري. حدثنا النضر بن محمد. حدثنا عكرمة بن عمار. حدثنا شداد بن عبدالله، أبو عمار، ويحيى بن أبي كثير عن أبي أمامة (قال عكرمة: ولقي شداد أبا أمامة وواثلة. وصحب أنسا إلى الشام. وأثنى عليه فضلا وخيراعن أبي أمامة قال، قال عمرو بن عبسة السلمي

قَالَ عَمْرُو بْنُ عَبَسَةَ السُّلَمِيُّ: «كُنْتُ وَأَنَا فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ أَظُنُّ أَنَّ النَّاسَ عَلَى ضَلالَةٍ، وَأَنَّهُمْ لَيْسُوا عَلَى شَيْءٍ وَهُمْ يَعْبُدُونَ الأَوْثَانَ، فَسَمِعْتُ بِرَجُلٍ بِمَكَّةَ يُخْبِرُ أَخْبَاراً، فَقَعَدْتُ عَلَى رَاحِلَتِي فَقَدِمْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مُسْتَخْفِيًا جُرَءَاءُ عَلَيْهِ قَوْمُهُ، فَتَلَطَّفْتُ حَتَّى دَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ بِمَكَّةَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ: مَا أَنْتَ؟ قَالَ: أَنَا نَبِيٌّ، فَقُلْتُ: وَمَا نَبِيٌّ؟ قَالَ: أَرْسَلَنِي اللَّهُ، فَقُلْتُ: وَبِأَيِّ شَيْءٍ أَرْسَلَكَ؟ قَالَ: أَرْسَلَنِي بِصِلَةِ الأَرْحَامِ وَكَسْرِ الأَوْثَانِ وَأَنْ يُوَحَّدَ اللَّهُ لا يُشْرَكُ بِهِ شَيْءٌ، قُلْتُ لَهُ: فَمَنْ مَعَكَ عَلَى هَذَا؟ قَالَ: حُرٌّ وَعَبْدٌ، قَالَ: وَمَعَهُ يَوْمَئِذٍ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَبِلالٌ مِمَّنْ آمَنَ بِهِ فَقُلْتُ: إِنِّي مُتَّبِعُكَ، قَالَ: إِنَّكَ لا تَسْتَطِيعُ ذَلِكَ يَوْمَكَ هَذَا، أَلا تَرَى حَالِي وَحَالَ النَّاسِ؟ وَلَكِنِ ارْجِعْ إِلَى أَهْلِكَ فَإِذَا سَمِعْتَ بِي قَدْ ظَهَرْتُ فَأْتِنِي، قَالَ: فَذَهَبْتُ إِلَى أَهْلِي وَقَدِمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الْمَدِينَةَ وَكُنْتُ فِي أَهْلِي، فَجَعَلْتُ أَتَخَبَّرُ الأَخْبَارَ وَأَسْأَلُ النَّاسَ حِينَ قَدِمَ الْمَدِينَةَ حَتَّى قَدِمَ عَلَيَّ نَفَرٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ يَثْرِبَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةَ فَقُلْتُ: مَا فَعَلَ هَذَا الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي قَدِمَ الْمَدِينَةَ؟ فَقَالُوا: النَّاسُ إِلَيْهِ سِرَاعٌ وَقَدْ أَرَادَ قَوْمُهُ قَتْلَهُ فَلَمْ يَسْتَطِيعُوا ذَلِكَ، فَقَدِمْتُ الْمَدِينَةَ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَتَعْرِفُنِي؟ قَالَ: نَعَمْ، أَنْتَ الَّذِي لَقِيتَنِي بِمَكَّةَ، قَالَ: فَقُلْتُ: بَلَى فَقُلْتُ: يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ أَخْبِرْنِي عَمَّا عَلَّمَكَ اللَّهُ وَأَجْهَلُهُ أَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ الصَّلاةِ قَالَ: صَلِّ صَلاةَ الصُّبْحِ ثُمَّ أَقْصِرْ عَنِ الصَّلاةِ حَتَّى تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ حَتَّى تَرْتَفِعَ، فَإِنَّهَا تَطْلُعُ حِينَ تَطْلُعُ بَيْنَ قَرْنَيْ شَيْطَانٍ وَحِينَئِذٍ يَسْجُدُ لَهَا الْكُفَّارُ، ثُمَّ صَلِّ فَإِنَّ الصَّلاةَ مَشْهُودَةٌ مَحْضُورَةٌ حَتَّى يَسْتَقِلَّ الظِّلُّ بِالرُّمْحِ، ثُمَّ أَقْصِرْ عَنِ الصَّلاةِ فَإِنَّ حِينَئِذٍ تُسْجَرُ جَهَنَّمُ، فَإِذَا أَقْبَلَ الْفَيْءُ فَصَلِّ فَإِنَّ الصَّلاةَ مَشْهُودَةٌ مَحْضُورَةٌ حَتَّى تُصَلِّيَ الْعَصْرَ، ثُمَّ أَقْصِرْ عَنِ الصَّلاةِ حَتَّى تَغْرُبَ الشَّمْسُ فَإِنَّهَا تَغْرُبُ بَيْنَ قَرْنَيْ شَيْطَانٍ وَحِينَئِذٍ يَسْجُدُ لَهَا الْكُفَّارُ. قَالَ: فَقُلْتُ: يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ فَالْوُضُوءَ حَدِّثْنِي عَنْهُ قَالَ: مَا مِنْكُمْ رَجُلٌ يُقَرِّبُ وَضُوءَهُ فَيَتَمَضْمَضُ وَيَسْتَنْشِقُ فَيَنْتَثِرُ إِلا خَرَّتْ خَطَايَا وَجْهِهِ وَفِيهِ وَخَيَاشِيمِهِ، ثُمَّ إِذَا غَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ كَمَا أَمَرَهُ اللَّهُ إِلا خَرَّتْ خَطَايَا وَجْهِهِ مِنْ أَطْرَافِ لِحْيَتِهِ مَعَ الْمَاءِ، ثُمَّ يَغْسِلُ يَدَيْهِ إِلَى الْمِرْفَقَيْنِ إِلا خَرَّتْ خَطَايَا يَدَيْهِ مِنْ أَنَامِلِهِ مَعَ الْمَاءِ، ثُمَّ يَمْسَحُ رَأْسَهُ إِلا خَرَّتْ خَطَايَا رَأْسِهِ مِنْ أَطْرَافِ شَعْرِهِ مَعَ الْمَاءِ، ثُمَّ يَغْسِلُ قَدَمَيْهِ إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ إِلا خَرَّتْ خَطَايَا رِجْلَيْهِ مِنْ أَنَامِلِهِ مَعَ الْمَاءِ، فَإِنْ هُوَ قَامَ فَصَلَّى فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ وَمَجَّدَهُ بِالَّذِي هُوَ لَهُ أَهْلٌ وَفَرَّغَ قَلْبَهُ لِلَّهِ إِلا انْصَرَفَ مِنْ خَطِيئَتِهِ كَهَيْئَتِهِ يَوْمَ وَلَدَتْهُ أُمُّهُ.

فَحَدَّثَ عَمْرُو بْنُ عَبَسَةَ بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ أَبَا أُمَامَةَ صَاحِبَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُو أُمَامَةَ: يَا عَمْرَو بْنَ عَبَسَةَ انْظُرْ مَا تَقُولُ فِي مَقَامٍ وَاحِدٍ يُعْطَى هَذَا الرَّجُلُ؟ فَقَالَ عَمْرٌو: يَا أَبَا أُمَامَةَ لَقَدْ كَبِرَتْ سِنِّي وَرَقَّ عَظْمِي وَاقْتَرَبَ أَجَلِي وَمَا بِي حَاجَةٌ أَنْ أَكْذِبَ عَلَى اللَّهِ وَلا عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ لَوْ لَمْ أَسْمَعْهُ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِلا مَرَّةً أَوْ

[294 [(832) مَرَّتَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلاثًا حَتَّى عَدَّ سَبْعَ مَرَّاتٍ مَا حَدَّثْتُ بِهِ أَبَداً، وَلَكِنِّي سَمِعْتُهُ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ»  [مسلم رقم

“I was in the state of the Ignorance (before embracing Islam) and I used to think that the people were in error and they were not on anything (which may be called the right path) and they worshipped the idols. Meanwhile I heard of a man in Mecca who was giving news (on the basis of his prophetic knowledge, so I rode my riding animal and went to him. The Messenger of Allah  (may the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) was at that time hiding since his people had made life extremely hard for him through persecution. In order to see him I entered Mecca discreetly and carefully (and thus managed) and go to him, and I said to him: Who are you? He said: I am a Prophet (of Allah). I asked: Who is a Prophet? He said: I have been sent by Allah (as a Messenger). I asked: What is that which you have been sent with? He said: I have been sent to (command that we) join ties of relationship (with kindness and affection), break the idols, proclaim and practice the oneness of Allah (yuwahidu = tauheed) and not to associate with Him any other partners (shirk). I said: Who is with you in this (affair)? He said: A free man and a slave. [The sub-narrator said: Abu Bakr and Bilal were there with him among those who had embraced Islam by that time.] I said: I am following you. He said: You are not be able to in these days (of persecution). Don’t you see the condition under which I and (my) people are living? You better go back to your people and when you hear that I have been granted victory and dominance, come to me. So I went to my family. I was in my home when the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) came to Medina. I was among my people and used to seek news and ask people when he arrived in Medina. Then a group of people belonging to Yathrib (Medina) came. I said (to them): How is that person getting on who has come to Medina? They said: The people are hastening to him, while his people (the polytheists and the idolaters of Mecca) planned to kill him, but they could not do so. I came to Medina (on hearing this news) and went to him and said: Messenger of Allah, do you recognize me? He said: Yes, you are the same man who met me at Mecca. I said: It is so. And I said: Oh Prophet of Allah, tell me that which Allah has taught you and which I do not know, tell me about the prayer. He said: Observe the dawn prayer, then stop praying when the sun is rising till it Is fully up, for when it rises it comes up between the horns of Satan, and the unbelievers prostrate themselves to it at that time. Then pray, for the prayer is witnessed and attended (by angels) till the shadow becomes about the length of a lance; then cease prayer, for at that time Hell is heated up. Then when the shadow moves forward, pray, for the prayer is witnessed and attended by angels, till you pray the afternoon prayer, then cease prayer till the sun sets, for it sets between the horns of devil, and at that time the unbelievers prostrate themselves before it. I said: Apostle of Allah, tell me about ablution also. He said: None of you who uses water for ablution and rinses his mouth, snuffs up water and blows it, but the sins of his face, and his mouth and his nostrils fall out. When he washes his face, as Allah has commanded him, the sins of his face fall out from the end of his beard with water. Then (when) he washes his forearms up to the elbows, the sins of his arms fall out along with water from his finger-tips. And when he wipes his head, the sins of his head fall out from the points of his hair along with water. And (when) he washes his feet up to the ankles, the sins of his feet fall out from his toes along with water. And if he stands to pray and praises Allah, lauds Him and glorifies Him with what becomes Him and shows wholehearted devotion to Allah, his sins would depart leaving him (as innocent) as he was on the day his mother bore him. Amr ibn Abasa narrated this hadith to Abu Umama, a Companion of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him), and Abu Umama said to him: ‘Amr ibn Abasa, think what you are saying that such (a great reward) is given to a man at one place (only in the act of ablution and prayer). Upon this ‘Amr said: Abu Umama, I have grown old and my bones have become weak and I am at the door of death; what impetus is there for me to attribute a lie to Allah and the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him)? Had I heard it from the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) once, twice, or three times (even seven times), I would have never narrated it, but I have heard it from him on occasions more than these.” [End of quote from Sahih Muslim: Book 4/ no. 1812, and note that this is a new translation different from those in publication].

 

> Some of the Many Benefits and Lessons from this Hadith

 

Ø  On Seeking Knowledge for Benefit

Ø  On Nabi (Prophet) and Rasool (Messenger)

Ø  On Tauheed and Shahadah

Ø  On Patience in Obedience of the Messenger and Waiting for Victory during times of Weakness and Persecution

Ø  On Destroying Idols

Ø  On the Promise of eventual Victory, Conquest, and Dominance

Ø  On Salat (Prayer) and Wudu` (Ablution)

Ø  On Forgiveness and Mercy of Allah is ultimate goal of a Muslim in all deeds

 

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